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What Are the Common Procedures Performed by a Dental Specialist?

A common misconception is that all dental professionals provide the same services. However, dentistry has various specialties, like the broader medical field. These professionals have undergone additional education and training beyond general dentistry to focus on specific oral health issues. They provide specialized treatments to ensure the highest standard of dental care for their patients.

What Is a Dental Specialist?

A dental specialist is a highly trained and specialized dentist who has undergone additional education and clinical training in a specific area of dentistry beyond the standard dental degree. These specialists focus on diagnosing and treating complex or specialized dental conditions, providing advanced care for patients with unique oral health needs. Manchester NH dental specialists collaborate with general dentists to ensure comprehensive and specialized patient care.

Common Procedures Carried Out by Dental Specialists

1. Endodontic Treatment (Root Canal Therapy)

Endodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on the health and treatment of the dental pulp, which is the innermost part of a tooth. Dental specialists in this field commonly perform root canal therapy, a procedure designed to save a tooth that is severely infected or decayed. 

During a root canal, the infected pulp is removed, the tooth’s interior is cleaned and disinfected, and then it is sealed to prevent further infection. This procedure helps alleviate pain and allows patients to retain their natural teeth.

2. Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic specialists primarily work to correct teeth and jaw alignment issues. Common procedures include fitting braces or other dental appliances to adjust the positioning of teeth, treat malocclusions (improper bites), and guide facial development. Orthodontic treatment aims to enhance both the aesthetics and functionality of a patient’s smile.

3. Oral Surgery

Oral surgery is a dental specialty that involves various procedures, including tooth removal (extractions), dental implant placement, and addressing jaw-related problems like temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). Oral surgeons are skilled in performing surgical interventions to resolve various dental and maxillofacial issues.

4. Periodontal Treatment

Periodontal specialists focus on conditions and diseases that affect the gums and underlying bone. Common procedures in periodontal treatment include scaling and root planing to treat advanced gum disease and placing dental implants to replace missing teeth. These procedures are crucial for maintaining oral health and preventing the progression of gum-related issues.

5. Emergency Tooth Extractions

In some circumstances, prompt and immediate dental attention is required. This could be due to a knocked-out or broken tooth, acute oral pain, or extensive dental injury. Dental specialists focusing on emergency services can provide crucial and timely care. Waiting too long in these scenarios can exacerbate the problem and lead to more significant oral health issues.

Dental specialists may perform emergency tooth extractions when a tooth has been severely damaged and cannot be saved through other treatments. This procedure addresses sudden and longstanding dental injuries, providing immediate relief from pain and discomfort.

6. Emergency Root Canal

An emergency root canal may be necessary to soothe pain and preserve the affected tooth in cases of severe toothache or deep cavities. This procedure involves removing infected or damaged pulp from the tooth’s interior, cleaning and disinfecting the area, and sealing it to prevent further infection.

7. Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening is a popular cosmetic dental procedure that fosters confidence and improves smiles. Zoom whitening for brighter smiles is one of the most popular methods, making teeth up to eight shades whiter in just one office visit. This advanced teeth whitening method effectively removes stains and discoloration, leaving patients with a brighter and more radiant smile.

8. Prosthodontic Procedures

Prosthodontics involves designing and fitting artificial replacements for teeth. Common procedures include fitting crowns (caps) to restore a tooth’s function and appearance, placing bridges to close gaps from missing teeth, and fitting dentures to replace multiple missing teeth. Prosthodontists specialize in creating custom dental prosthetics that mimic teeth’ natural look and function.

9. Pediatric Dental Treatments

Pediatric dentists specialize in the oral health of children. They perform various procedures, including routine check-ups, cavity fillings, preventative treatments like sealants to protect against tooth decay, and tooth extraction when necessary. Pediatric dental specialists create a comfortable and child-friendly environment to ensure that young patients receive the best possible care and develop positive dental habits from a young age.

General Dentists and Dental Specialists

  • Education and Training: Dental specialists undergo rigorous education and training programs after completing their dental degree. This advanced training is specific to their chosen specialty and equips them with in-depth knowledge and expertise in their field. It often includes residencies and fellowships in accredited programs.
  • Referral Process: General dentists are most dental care patients’ primary point of contact. When a patient presents with a dental issue that requires specialized knowledge or procedures beyond the scope of general dentistry, the general dentist may refer them to an appropriate dental specialist. The referral process ensures patients receive the most suitable and effective treatment for their condition.
  • Specialized Expertise: Dental specialists deeply understand their specialties, allowing them to diagnose and treat complex or rare dental conditions. This expertise is crucial in addressing a wide range of oral health concerns, from orthodontic issues to oral surgery and everything in between.
  • Comprehensive Care: Collaboration between general dentists and dental specialists results in comprehensive patient care. The general dentist provides primary care, preventive treatments, and routine check-ups, while dental specialists focus on specialized procedures and treatments. This comprehensive approach addresses all aspects of a patient’s oral health.
  • Tailored Treatment Plans: When a patient is referred to a dental specialist, the specialist works closely with the referring general dentist to create a personalized treatment plan. This plan considers the patient’s unique needs, medical history, and the specifics of their condition. It ensures the treatment aligns with the patient’s oral health goals.
  • Effective Communication: Open and effective communication between general dentists and dental specialists is vital for the success of patient care. Specialists provide detailed reports and updates to the referring dentist, ensuring everyone involved in the patient’s care is well-informed and aligned in their approach.
  • Continuity of Care: Patients often return to their general dentist for ongoing care and maintenance after receiving specialized treatment. This continuity of care ensures that specialized treatment results are monitored, and any necessary follow-up procedures or adjustments are made.


Each of the procedures carried out by dental specialists serves different purposes, from responding to emergency dental situations to cosmetic procedures like teeth whitening. The various dental specialties ensure comprehensive oral health care tailored to individual needs and specific problems. Therefore, understanding which type of dental specialist to visit for your condition can help achieve the most effective treatment and care.